Determining the Appropriate Configuration of FRP in Retrofitting of Concrete Walls Against Blast Loading

Document Type : Original Article


Because of terrorist attacks, the safety of buildings against blast loading are important. As precode
structures or existing buildings have designed for gravity or earthquake loads, blast loading ignored,
investigation in the rehabilitation of the structure for blast loading is necessary. Sometimes the
charge of terrorist has exploded in the near of the structures in the air and makes a critical pressure
on the building in the less than one second. One of the elements in structures that subjected to this
pressure is building’s wall and must be strengthened and ductile i.e. no crushing manner in
explosion loading. There are a lot of methods for strengthening and ductiling for walls and
rehabilitation with FRP laminate is appropriate and it doesn’t change the stiffness and mass of
structure. In this article, by using the finite element software, ABAQUS, the walls that retrofitted by
FRP laminates, subjected to blast loading and verified by experimental data in the literature review
and the behavior of traditional configuration investigated. The results indicated that retrofitting by
this method, increase the ductility but it couldn’t decrease the midpoint’s displacement of wall
significantly and it is investigated that the best direction of the laminates are the same as the steel
reinforcement’s design direction.


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