Hospital Site Selection Using the Fuzzy Method and Passive Defense Approach (Case Study: Urmia City)

Document Type : tarvigi


1 geography

2 ihu

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

4 M.Sc. in Urban Planning and Regeneration, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.

5 M.A in Urban planning, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.


Health-medical land uses are among the uses that are of great importance for human health in the event of an accident, so in critical situations, there is a possibility of their dysfunction because the vulnerability of this use to accidents is very high, in this regard, optimal location with optimal use The passive defense approach is of great importance. The main purpose of this study is to locate the hospital using the passive defense approach in Urmia. The present study is descriptive-analytical in nature and applied in terms of purpose. The basic information and maps of this article have been collected in the form of libraries and fields from reliable scientific and official sources. Indicators used in this study include indicators of distance from educational centers, residential centers, commercial centers, green spaces, religious centers, existing hospitals, accesses, open and public areas, administrative centers, fire stations, workshop and industrial centers, and sports centers. Data analysis was performed through weighting, application compatibility, and fuzzy logic method. The study area in this study is the city of Urmia, located in the province of West Azerbaijan. The results of this study indicate that a significant part of the city of Urmia is outside the coverage radius of existing hospitals, so there is a need for a principled location of new hospitals. Also, Region 1 has the most and most appropriate, and Region 4 has the least area for hospital use.


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