مروری جامع بر کارهای صورت گرفته در زمینه تاب‌آوری شبکه قدرت در برابر حوادث با احتمال وقوع کم و خسارت تحمیلی شدید

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 پژوهشگر، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)، تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه تأثیر حوادث با احتمال وقوع کم و خسارات تحمیلی شدید مانند بلایای طبیعی و اقدامات خرابکارانه بر شبکه برق در بسیاری از کارها مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. بر اساس نتایج گزارش شده، این حوادث بر شبکه برق تأثیراتی از قبیل خاموشی طولانی مدت قسمت بزرگی از شبکه، خروج تجهیزات اصلی (به‌عنوان مثال، پست‌ها، خطوط انتقال و نیروگاه‌ها) و تحمیل آسیب‌های شدید به تجهیزات دارند. این پیامدها باعث ایجاد روش‌های کنترل و بهره‌برداری و استراتژی‌های برنامه‌ریزی برای بهبود تاب‌آوری شبکه‌های برق در برابر چنین رویدادهایی شده‌اند. به‌طور کلی تاب‌آوری به توانایی شبکه به کاهش اثرات پیش آمده در نتیجه رخ دادن حوادث با احتمال وقوع کم و خسارات تحمیلی شدید تعریف می‌شود. هدف از تاب‌آوری، ایجاد پتانسیلی برای سرعت بخشیدن بهبود سامانه در برابر صدمات چنین حوادث و تطبیق عملکرد و ساختار آن به‌منظور کاهش و یا حذف تأثیرات این حوادث است. در این مقاله کارهای صورت گرفته در زمینه تاب‌آوری شبکه‌های قدرت در برابر حوادث با احتمال وقوع کم و خسارات تحمیلی شدید مرور می‌گردد. مقالات این حوزه در ابتدا به دو بخش تاب‌آوری در برابر حوادث طبیعی و حملات خرابکارانه تقسیم می‌شوند. کارهای صورت گرفته در هر بخش به‌صورت تفضیلی شرح داده شده و مقالات هر زیر بخش از دیدگاه‌های مختلف دسته‌بندی و ویژگی‌های هر دسته ذکر می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comprehensive Review of Power System Resilience Against High-Impact Low-Probability Events

نویسندگان [English]

  • R. Ghaffarpour 1
  • S. Madadi 2
  • S. Zamanian 3
1 IHU
2 tabriz university
3 Imam Hussein University
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the impact of accidents with a low probability of occurrence and severe damage such as natural disasters and terrorist attacks on the power grid has been considered in many research works. According to the reported results, it is highlighted that such events can influence power systems in the form of long-term blackouts in large parts of the power system, the elimination of main equipment (ex. posts, transmission lines, and power plants), and the infliction of severe damage on the equipment. Therefore, the power system resilience concept is defined as the power system capability to reduce the effects that occur as a result of the occurrence of high-impact low-probability events. In other words, the goal of power system resilience is to create a potential capability for accelerating the recovery of the system from the impacts of such events and to adapt its functions and structure to reduce or eliminate the effects of these events. In this paper, a comprehensive review of power system resilience against high-impact low-probability events is provided. The related published works are classified in two parts including resilience against natural disasters and resilience against terrorist attacks. The published work related to each part is described in detail, and the papers of each sub-section are classified from different perspectives and the characteristics of all categories are presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Power System Resilience
  • Natural Disasters
  • Terrorist Attacks
  • Review Papers
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