حسگر توزیعی فیبر نوری حساس به فاز در اقدامات پدافند غیرعامل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)

2 دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)

چکیده

پایش ایمنی سازه­ها و بناهای مهم نظیر پل­، سد، مترو و راه آهن، فرودگاه­، همچنین خطوط لوله انتقال انرژی و نیز پایش امنیت     محیط­هایی همچون مرزها و مراکز حساس و ... به منظور کاهش خسارت هنگام بلایای طبیعی و غیرطبیعی می­تواند از موارد مورد توجه پدافند غیرعامل باشد. روش­های متنوعی نظیر استفاده از شتاب­سنج­ها، رادارها و سامانه­های تشخیص لرزش که با GPS کار می­کنند به منظور پایش امنیت پل، تونل و سد، استفاده از رادارها برای پایش باند فرودگاه، استفاده از روش­های مختلف ارتباط بی­سیم در خطوط ریلی و نیز تشخیص نشتی خطوط لوله انرژی و... به­کار گرفته می­شوند تا خسارات ناشی از حوادث کاهش یابد. مطمئن­ترین و نوین­ترین روش دستیابی به این هدف استفاده از حسگر توزیعی فیبر نوری حساس به فاز بر مبنای پراکندگی رایلی می­باشد. در این حسگرها از       تقویت­کننده اربیوم و پراکندگی­های رامان و بریلوئن القایی، به­منظور افزایش محدوده حسگری استفاده می­شود. در چیدمان­های اولیه از این حسگر، محدوده سنجش با استفاده از تقویت­کننده اربیوم به km 6 رسید. بیشترین مسافت سنجش متعلق به استفاده ترکیبی از تقویت­کننده­های اربیوم و بریلوئن می­باشد که km 300 است. علاوه­بر طول حسگری بالا، دقت و حساسیت مناسب این دسته از حسگرها توجه محققان و مسئولین جوامع مختلف را به­ویژه به منظور اقدامات پدافندی غیرعامل به خود جلب کرده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phase-Sensitive Distributed Fiber Optic Sensorin Passive Defense Measures

نویسندگان [English]

  • abdollah malakzadeh 1
  • - - 2
1 -----
2 -
چکیده [English]

Monitoring the safety of huge structures and buildings such as bridges, dams, subways railways and airports as well as energy transmission pipelines and also monitoring places such as borders, security centers etcetera to reduce damages due to natural and non-natural disasters are subjects of particular interest in passive defense. In order to reduce the detriment of the events, various methods are applied such as: the use of accelerometers, radars, and vibration detection systems that operate with GPS to monitor the safety of bridges, tunnels and dams; the use of radars to monitor runways; the use of various wireless communication methods in rail lines, as well as methods to detect leakage of energy pipelines and etc. The safest and most innovative way to achieve this goal is the use of phase-sensitive distributed optical fiber sensor based on Rayleigh scattering. In these sensors, the Erbium amplifier and stimulated Raman and Brillouin scatterings are used to increase the sensing range. In the initial configurations of the sensor, the sensing range was about 6 km by utilizing Erbium amplifier. Maximum sensing range belongs to combination of Erbium and Brillouin amplifiers, which is about 300 kilometers. Along with the high sensing range, the accuracy and sensitivity of this category of sensors attract the attention of researchers and officials of various communities, especially for the purpose of passive defense measures.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Passive Defense
  • Distributed Optical Fiber Sensor
  • Rayleigh Scattering
  • Phase-Sensitive OTDR (Ф-OTDR)
  • Erbium Amplifier
  • Raman amplifier
  • Brillouin Amplifier
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